Keratoconus is a condition in which a normal, dome-shaped cornea becomes progressively thinner and bulges forward, which is usually associated with increased astigmatism and decreased vision. Keratoconus is commonly found in, but not limited to, the Hispanic population. Both eyes are typically affected, though it is rare for them to progress equally. In its early stages, keratoconus may be difficult to detect because the condition develops slowly, often not presenting itself until the twenties or thirties.
Symptoms of Keratoconus
- A gradual increase in glare and light sensitivity over time
- A decline in your best corrected vision
Are you at Risk?
While the exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, it is believed to be associated with eye rubbing and certain hereditary disorders.
Corneal Cross Linking for keratoconus
The latest treatment option for keratoconus is corneal cross linking. This technique strengthens the cornea to prevent thinning and the possible need for a corneal transplant.
With corneal cross linking, riboflavin drops are applied to the affected eye for a period of roughly 30 minutes. This is followed by an ultraviolet light exposure treatment. Riboflavin is a type of vitamin B12 which is a normal part of a healthy diet. When this vitamin is dropped directly in the eye – and then exposed to the ultraviolet light – new cross-links between the collagen fibers in the cornea are formed. This strengthens the eye cornea and can stop progress of keratoconus. Corneal cross linking will not eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.
If you are suffering from keratoconus, we have treatment options available for you. Contact us to schedule your consultation, and your doctor will review the best keratoconus treatment option for you./p>