Keratoconus is a condition in which a normal, dome-shaped cornea becomes progressively thinner and bulges forward, which is usually associated with increased astigmatism and decreased vision. Keratoconus is commonly found in, but not limited to, the Hispanic population. Both eyes are typically affected, though it is rare for them to progress equally. In its early stages, keratoconus may be difficult to detect because the condition develops slowly, often not presenting itself until the twenties or thirties.
Symptoms of Keratononus
- A gradual increase in glare and light sensitivity over time
- A decline in your best corrected vision
Are you at Risk?
While the exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, it is believed to be associated with eye rubbing and certain hereditary disorders.
Visual benefits can be attained from rigid, gas-permeable contact lenses or from hybrid hard/soft contact lenses, but over time these vision correction measures typically become less tolerable. INTACs or corneal inserts help strengthen the cornea and curtail further changes associated with cornea thinning and increasing astigmatism. There can also be some secondary improvement in myopia and astigmatism. Soft contact lenses are commonly and more easily used after the INTACs procedure, but in advanced cases of keratoconus, a cornea transplant may be necessary.
Medication eye drops or artificial tears can provide relief from irritation and inflammation, thereby reducing your tendency for eye rubbing. The best means of preventing further decline in vision, and preventing the need for corneal transplantation, is INTACs surgery at Kleiman | Evangelista Eye Center. Contact us to learn more about the INTACs procedure.